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There are so many -- more than 500 at last count -- indigenous people's web sites that I'm not attempting to link-to all. Instead, here are several thorough indexes or catalogs that try to be complete. Many sites/pages are linked-to on my other pages, categorized by subject-matter and with certain of their pages "picked out". Art and art galleries, art museums, clothing, etc., are on my ArtPages. K-12 native schools, colleges are on my Schools menupage. Tribal sites -- both U.S. and Canadian -- are on Native nations. Canadian and Inuit native resources on First Nations menupage, Books has reviews, booklists, on-line libraries and booksellers, Tutorials has resources for learning and making web pages and Games has games, sports, non-Native museums, and edutainments, and an analysis of Indian gaming.


Index of Native American Resources on the Internet--Likely to be the most complete and up-to-date set of link pointers to everything having anything to do with Indians (and some other indigenous peoples) on the InterNet. Karen Strom of the hanksville server, at University of Massachusetts's Department of Physics and Astronomy, keeps it up to date. Follow the brief listings of the Table of Contents down by subject for a well-organized guide.

Bill's Aboriginal Links--a very extensive, well-organized site, compiled by a Canadian lawyer who often represents tribes on Native legal matters, so his Native Law section is especially good. He also covers Australian aboriginal affairs. Thorough and a handsome layout, too.

NativeWeb--Somewhat different approach to categorizing links than Strom's. Some may find the different approach more useful if they start with focused inquiries, rather than a desire to see everything there is. This site is not kept very up to date, and inclusions or exclusions in its categories seems to be q quirky and individually selective process, listings seem governed by prefrences of those in charge.

Australian Aboriginal Studies Web Virtual Library--This probably links everything worth linking for Australia Native InterNet and web sites,though the main orientation is academic, professorial, social studies, anthropology, archaeology. For its "world" sites there seems to be less concentration on the professoriate, more attempt to link actual native sites. In addition to the outline listing you'll see when the link comes up, there are 2 other database search methods. This isn't really a virtual library (no original material resides there), it is another very extensive set of links with very good tools for retrievals from such a collection, i.e. an index.

Native Americans and the Environment -- A big collection of relevant site links (and bibliography of published materials) that has moved to a new site and added database search tools. Hundrds of relevant sites; thousands of publication cites on this topic, broadly interpreted.

ArchNet has fewer but more tightly focussed sites that the Australian Virtual Library. Its attempt is to be a service to archaeologists world-wide, but there ae some sites of native interest there. Not, unfortunately, in their listing of actual native sites, which is quite old, many long dead gophers, or sites that haven't been maintained or updated for years. Layout is pretty and convenient to use.

First Nations Index Page Despite title, this is a U.S. native site. Large, complex site has a great variety of pertinent current (American) Indian political issues, documents, page references. There is an AIM section, representing one faction of the divided American Indian Movement (Colorado AIM, Russell Means). There are sections where current news items -- such as the class action lawsuit against the BIA for losing hundreds of millions of dollars of Indian funds -- are archived. Intractive sections offer participation in ptition and mail-to campaigns on various current issues. Prior to the implementation of this site index, it was difficult to find anything specific here without hours of experimental browsing. This fairly recent addition now makes the site useful for reference as well as exploration.

Yahoo - Society and Culture:Cultures:Native American--This tunes Yahoo's big search engine to pull the comparatively few Native listings it has. It will pull new entries specifically Native indexes don't have yet, but usually these are commercial sites. WebPersons have to take the trouble to "go there" and register their new sites with these web search engines like Yahoo. Most Native sites (there are more than 500, only a handful in Yahoo) haven't done this. You can do it (click the ticket at the top of the Yahoo page) from here!

Alta Vista Advancd Query -- Maintained by Digital Research (DEC), the advanced qury searchengine is the most useful on the web for research. DEC's engine does a fulltext indexing of the content of each page its big databas contains (webpersons must enter page URLs). The use of the NEAR connector and second field to sort found outputs, as well as date range delimiters make it possible to delimit searches so you are not confronted with thousands of pages. Read the HELP here, and learn to use this engine. Webpersons, be sure to list your pages here. Alta Vista will use the description   meta-tag in page headers to return a description of the apge; otherwise it takes the first 40 words it finds. Altavista also searches keywords in header meta-tags, as well as fulltexts and titles.

Indian Health Service American Indian Resources list--Handsome page, with some interesting finds. And here's the new IHS government page, too.

  • Ryan Rumley/IHS Pow-Wow Page--Fairly complete Southwestern powwow (but almost no others), but also pix, memories, what to wear/see/do, how to act, food to serve at a ... They need notifications about powwows from other areas of the country and from Canada, to produce a complete calendar of them.



Bureau of Indian Affairs--Well, here they are. Not much content, but here it is.

  • BIA Division of Energy and Mineral Resources Home Page--See the map project, the BIA is doing to help out either tribes (their self-characterization) or oil and gas companies (my characterization) (Osage and Arapaho). Elaborate GIS that is not useful for managing natural resources other than petroleum and minerals that corporations want from Native lands.

Indian and Northern Affairs Canada / Affaires Indiennes et du Nord Canada--French/English switchable, no Anishinaabeg or Cree switch of course. This has got so much useful material it makes the US BIA look sick.

British Columbia Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs--Here's the Ministry's startup page. from its menu, you can see it's loaded with info of concern to Native people, Tribes -- and educators and students of BC. Treaties, land claims, negotiations and a very detailed consultation process. Check out their info-producing, cross-referenced imagemap of all bands and affilated councils in BC. The map is just plain black and white. But the info-producing capabilities, espeecially the band cross-referencing, are so good I'm totally in awe.

Envirotext Search Page Check the Native American nox, then use search terms to try to pull U.S. Indian treaties, Executive Orders, tribal codes, and legal publications concerning these. The search engine is not very tunable so most enmtries will pull a whole host of irrelevant documents through which you can page.

Search results on uscode/18 -- Indian--U.S. Federal criminal law; contains definition of "Indian Country" for jurisdiction.

Database Broker Query Results for: native AND treaties--This will bring up the results of a search among Canadian federal government records (from the Open Government Canadian server program (named "CHAMPLAIN") using those 2 keywords. When I did it, not very much was pulled; perhaps they will be adding more. You will see whatever this records database query pulls at the time you click here. You can then try other searchterms.



A lot of maps will be found -- or sources linked-to -- on my MAPS page. Native GIS )Geographical Information Systems). Eventually each U.S. state will have an imagemap window into data about all tribes, where reservations will be shown on state maps. Maps currently also has a map window of precontact cultural areas linked to scholarly descriptions of each culture. Minnesota reservations and treaties is the most complete section of MAPS. A very small selection of non-Indian map sites is provided.

American Indian Historical Images on File--Hundreds of engravings, maps, and from the 19th-century on, photos of Indian people and events. Examples range from a Relocation flyer put out by the BIA to a recent pic of Wilma Mankiller. Download for your own classroom use. Califnronia State University Prof Troy Johnson prepared these, lengthy historical notes on the more recent make it almost a "reader" of 20th-century native afairs, from IRA to AIM

  • Alcatraz Island Prof. Johnson's start of a collection of hard-to-find Alcatraz images.

    • Alcatraz occupation -- here's a fairly even-handed but definitely government (U.s. Park Services) text summary describing the 1969-71 Indians of All Tribes Alcatraz occupation

  • De Bry Woodcuts--Prof Johnson has obtained and is annotating hundreds of black and white historical woodcuts from the 17th-century de Bry collection in New York.

CanaDisk-- contains 2200 images (all black-and-white) of Canada's history. Many prior 1900 are of Native people. There are engravings and photos (starting from the mid 19th century). The images are not well described, not annotated, and no sources for them are given. Many are diusappointingly poor quality -- maps whose text can't be read, engravings with long explanatory legends that can't be read, etc. This in spite of the fact the files are huge. Apparently this was once a commercial CDROM disk that can now no longer bew sold (because of its poor quality) so the image library was donated to SchoolNet by the company who made the disk. Even so, it could have had more educational worth if SchoolNet personnel had spent more time annotating the file retrieval lists, as Prof. Donahue is doing, so the images were meaningful.

Blackhawk photos and diaries Augustana College Library special exhibit from its rsearch collection on this famous leader, and interviews/photos of his descendants at Tama, Iowa.

The Studio -- University of Oklahoma collections Many paintings -- the thumbnails page takes a while to load -- that document an artistic stereotype-straitjacket, imposed as a definition of "Indian art" by a combination of educators, dealers, and the BIA, upon 3 generations of Indian painters, from the 1920's until -- in 1958 -- Nakota Yankton artist Oscar Howe (Crow Creek, SD) broke the mold with his angry letter (widely circulated) when a painting in the style he wanted to explore was rejected for a prestigious exhibition as "not Indian". Dozens of paintings here in the stereotyped style, supposedly based on kiva murals,identified by artist, tribe, date. While "the Studio" is usually identified with BIA art teacher Dorothy Dunn, in fact the style she formally defined as the only acceptable one for Indian painters was enforced for many years by virtually all in the white world that defined and profited from Indian art.



These pages are topically organized links, compiled to encourage furthr exploration or research on one of my topic sections. These topic sections usually also have a written (hardcopy) bibliography page as well. Access to the section's own main menu is always available from the page-bottom menubar. Ther are numrous pags, here, which consist entirely of relatd links --e .g. Native American Art Museums -- found elsewhere (on the ArtPages main menu).

BEADS, beadwork sites

BASKETS, other Native basketry sites; includes links-to a number of tribal sites (whos basketry is explored/exhibitd on my pages)

CHEROKEE sitelinks accompanying brief history of astrn band (Qualla Boundary) Chrokee



Native Peoples Magazine -- a few of their feature articles, but not fully illustrated for this well-known, very popular culture and art glossy magazine. For the past several years, teacher guides/lesson plans have been available for each issue. These are now being published at their website, in downloadable (unformatted) form for local printing.

Aboriginal Voices Magazine -- Canada's most successful general-interst/culture/art glossy magazine. Back issues, many feature articles

4th World Documentation Project -- Documents from the Americas--represents a lot of work; tries to preserve unofficial source docs.

National Indian Policy Center--informational material from reports they have compiled to present Indian viewpoint to Congress. Also a gopher database of treaties (very poorly described, unorganized). NIPC's gopher contains the census data -- 1980, 1990 -- for reservations in great detail, but unusable database formats (lack the files containing the field keys).

NSF Web Native Resources Keynote presentation Cedar Falls IA June 22--This remains on-line, getting updated, a sort of continuously-growing presentation.

American Indian Nations--Graphically sophisticated layout, link referencing lots of non-graphical (mostly gopher holes) native info. Useful set of references. Link here to a plaintext of all federally-recognized U.S./Alaska tribes/native communities with (1993) contact names/addresses.

GLRAIN-- Great Lakes Regional American Indian Network--started with ambitious plans, well-staffed, good funding, but doesn't have much posted. It's a sub-project of the non-Indian group that provides Great Lakes Regional Environmental Network content and access.



AT&T Internet Toll Free 800 Directory--It's not really working right yet, but I found several Tribal toll-free numbers. Non-Indian people may wonder why this link is here. Indian people who pay phone bills will know.

THOMAS: (U.S.) Legislative Information on the Internet -- This wonderful resource will pull all bills about (say) "native AND american" -- their complete history from intro in each through passage (or death). Set number of hits to thousands, unless there are specific bills you want to trace (you can do that too). If you're just trying to find &all native legislation pending" the cache will not save the long list of hits through your accessing any one of them to find out what it says. Therefore, save such a file to disk, then load it into netscape with Open File, and use that file list to actually research it, othrwise the hits will go away and you'll have to re-enter your query each time you check wht on of the hits says.

The Federal Web Locator--supposedly finds all federal servers/sites. It missed some I know about, and found some that are private, not federal. But it's pretty good if you're trying to find a server or site you think ought to exist. Although not finding it doesn't mean it doesn't exist, finding it means it does.

U.S. Census Bureau Home Page--Useful info on tribal populations, not as thorough or good as the Canadian government provides.

Web Virtual Library: Subject Catalogue--Doesn't seem to have anything about Natives in it now, but is adding all the time. Unlike an index that calls itself a library, this really is one -- its links are to fulltext content, whether on web pages, in gophers, or in FTP download files.

Virtual Reference Desk--dictionaries, enclopedias, all sorts of lookups, not about Indians but often useful for research and writing

Big Dummy's Guide to the Internet - Table of Contents--Despite it's stupid title a good (slightly outdated) guide to InterNet, once a book catering to yuppie Mac owners (who apparently pride themselves on their techno-incapabilities).

Indigenous People Catalog: Desert Moon periodical distributor/catalog--Carries Indigenous Womens Network magazine, several other Native periodicals


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CREDITS: The exclaiming woman page logo was drawn in india ink by an unidentified artist (probably Rokwaho, poetry page editor) for Awkesasne Notes, in 1974; I computerized it in 1993 from crumbling old yellowed pages, as part of a Notes great period art salvage project. The button to the hanksville index was made by me, using part of a larger design Karen Strom uses as her index's logo. I emailed it to her as a sort of honor for her extensive work maintaining this huge catalog -- then I decided to use it myself, too.

Last updated: 2/6/97