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Coming out of the book is bearberry, best known by one of its Indian names, kinikinnik/ Its Ojibwe name is saga-ko-minagunj, "berry with spikes on it". The leaves were smoked and used as headache remedies. A tea made of dried leaves had verious medical uses. Berries, which survive all winter in the snow, were emergency food, and were used to make a tea. Explore Discover native medical and food uses, and chemical composition of this plant by fooling around with the databases, here.

SPECIAL ORDER -- may take several weeks

Plants in Hawaiian Culture; Beatrice H. Krauss, Thelma F. Greig (Illustrator); Paperback; (Special Order);

Plants of Old Hawaii; Lois Lucas; Paperback; (Special Order)

Medicinal and Other Uses of North American Plants : A Historical Survey With Special Reference to the Eastern Indian Tribes; Charlotte Erichsen-Brown; Paperback;

Amazonian Ethnobotanical Dictionary; James A. Duke, Rodolfo Vasquez Martinez; Paperback;

American Samoa; William A. Setchell; Hardcover; (Special Order)

By the Prophet of the Earth: Ethnobotany of the Pima; L. S. M. Curtin; Paperback; (Special Order)

Culture and Environment in the Domain of the Calusa (Monograph / Institute of Archaeology and Paleoenvironmental Studies, University of Florida, 1); William H. Marquardt (Editor), Claudine Payne (Editor); Paperback;

Delphina Cuero : Her Autobiography : An Account of Her Last Years and Her Ethnobotanic Contributions (Ballena Press Anthropological Papers, No. 37); Delphina Cuero, Sylvia Brakke Vane (Editor); Paperback; (Special Order)

Economic Botany of Kiowa Indians; Paul A. Vestol, Richard E. Schulters; Hardcover; (Special Order)

Plants, People, and Paleoecology: Biotic Communities and Aboriginal Plant Usage in Illinois; Frances B. King; Paperback; (Special Order)

Pre-Columbian Plant Migration: Papers Presented at the Pre-Columbian Plant Migration Symposium 44th International Congress of Americanists manchester; Doris Stone (Editor); Paperback

Ethnobotany in the Neotropics : Proceedings (Advances in Economic Botany, Vol 1); G.T. Prance, J.A. Kallunki (Editor); Paperback; (Special Order)

The Ethnobotany of Chinchero, an Andean Community in Southern Peru; Christine Franquemont, et al; Paperback; (Special Order)

Ethnobotany of the Chacobo Indians, Beni, Bolivia (Advances in Economic Botany, Vol 4); Brian M. Boom; Paperback; (Special Order)

Ethnobotany of the Chacobo Indians, Beni, Bolivia (Advances in Economic Botany, Vol. 4); Brian M. Boom; Paperback; (Special Order)

The Ethnobotany of Tonga : The Plants, Their Tongan Names, and Their Uses (Bishop Museum Bulletin in Botany, No. 2); W.A. Whistler; Paperback; (Special Order)

Footprints of the Forest : Ka'Apor Ethnobotany- The Historical Ecology of Plant Utilization by an Amazonian People (Biology and Resource Management I); William Balee; Hardcover; (Special Order)

Foraging and Farming in the Eastern Woodlands (The Ripley P. Bullen); C. Margaret Scarry (Editor); Hardcover; (Special Order)

Gathering the Desert.; Gary Paul Nabhan; Paperback

Green World : An Introduction to Plants and People; Richard M Klein; Hardcover; (Special Order)

Handbook of Northeastern Indian Medicinal Plants (Bioactive Plants, 3); James A. Duke; Hardcover;

The Hawaiian Planter : His Plants, Methods and Areas of Cultivation (Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 161) Vol 1; E. S. Craighill Handy; Paperback;

Huastec Mayan Ethnobotany; Janis B. Alcorn; Hardcover;(Special Order)

Hunting by Prehistoric Horticulturalists in the American Southwest (The Evolution of the North American Indians); Christine R. Szuter; Hardcover; (Special Order)

Islands, Plants, and Polynesians : An Introduction to Polynesian Ethnobotany : Proceedings of a Symposium Sponsored by the Institute of Polynesian st; Paul Alan Cox, Sandra Anne Banack (Editor); Hardcover; (Special Order)

Prehistoric Agriculture in the Central Plains (University of Kansas Publications in Anthropology, 16); M. Adair; Paperback; (Special Order)

Prehistoric Food Production in North America (Anthropological Papers, No. 75); Richard I. Ford (Editor); Paperback; (Special Order)

; Douglas S. Byers; Hardcover; (Special Order)

Resource Management in Amazonia : Indigenous and Folk Strategies (Advances in Economic Botany, Vol. 7); D.A. Posey, W. Balee (Editor); Paperback; (Special Order)

The Saguaro Forest (Western Horizons); Peter Wild; Paperback; (Special Order)

Sastun: My Apprenticeship with a Mayan Healer; Paperback

The Sweet Potato and Oceania : An Essay in Ethnobotany (Bulletin Series: No.236); Douglas E. Yen; Paperback; (Special Order)

New Directions in the Study of Plants and People : Research Contributions from the Institute of Economic Botany (Advances in Economic Botany, Vol 8); Ghillean T. Prance, Michael, J Balick (Editor); Paperback; (Special Order)

New Light on Early Farming : Recent Developments in Paleoethnobotany; Jane M. Renfrew (Editor); Hardcover; (Special Order)

Paleoethnobotany : A Handbook of Procedures; Deborah M. Pearsall; Hardcover; (Special Order)

People of the Desert and Sea; Paperback (Special Order)

People, Plants, and Landscapes : Studies in Paleoethnobotany; Kristen J. Gremillion (Editor); Paperback;

Plants Used As Curatives by Certain Southeastern Tribes; Lyda A. Taylor; Hardcover; (Special Order)

Plants, Agriculture, and Human Society; W. Norman Richardson; Paperback; (Special Order)

La'Au Hawai'I : Traditional Hawaiian Uses of Plants; Isabella Aiona Abbott; Paperback; (Special Order)

Life and Lore of Illinois Wildflowers; William E. Werner; Paperback; $11.95 (Special Order)

Limu; Hardcover; $6.30 (Special Order)

Limu-Ethnobotanical Study of Some Hawaiian Seaweeds; I. Abbott; Paperback; $7.30 (Special Order)

Medicinal and Other Uses of North American Plants; Paperback

HARD TO FIND -- Out of print, Search may take months
Agaves of Continental North America; Howard Scott Gentry; Hardcover

American Indian food and lore; Carolyn J. Niethammer; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

American Medical Ethnobotany : A Reference Dictionary; Daniel E. Moerman; Textbook Binding (Hard to Find)

Bellamy's New world : a botanical history of America; David J. Bellamy; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Common Edible and Useful Plants of the East and Midwest; Muriel Sweet; Paperback (Hard to Find)

Common Edible and Useful Plants of the East and Midwest; Muriel Sweet; Textbook Binding (Hard to Find)

The ethno-botany of the Coahuilla Indians of southern California; David Prescott Barrows; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

The ethno-botany of the Maya; Ralph Loveland Roys; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Ethnobotany of the Hesquiat Indians of Vancouver Island; Nancy J. Turner; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Ethnobotany of the Hopi; Alfred F. Whiting; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Ethnobotany of the Menomini Indians ; Ethnobotany of the Meskwaki Indians; Huron Herbert Smith; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Ethnobotany of the Nitinaht Indians of Vancouver Island; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

The Ethnobotany of the Waimiri Atroari Indians of Brazil; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Ethnopharmacologic search for psychoactive drugs; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Healers of the Andes : Kallawaya Herbalists and Their Medicinal Plants; Joseph W. Bastien, Eleanor Forfang Stauffer; Hardcover (Hard to Find)

Healing herbs of the upper Rio Grande; L. S. M. Curtin; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Indian Names for Plants and Animals Among Californian and Other Western North American Tribes. Comp by Robert F. Heizer (Ballena Press ); Clinton Hort Merriam; Paperback (Hard to Find)

Indigenous Knowledge Systems : The Cultural Dimension of Development (The International Library of Indigenous Knowledge and Development); D. Michael Warren, et al; Hardcover (Hard to Find)

Jilji : life in the Great Sandy desert; Pat Lowe; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Man and a Half : Essays in Pacific Anthropology and Ethnobiology in Honour of Ralph Bulmer (Memoir No. 48); Ralph Bulmer (Editor), Andrew Pawley (Editor); Paperback (Hard to Find)

Man and his foods: studies in the ethnobotany of nutrition; contemporary, primitive, and prehistoric non-European diets; papers; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Medicinal Plants of Native America; Daniel E. Moerman; Paperback (Hard to Find)

Medicinal Uses Plants Indian Tribes of Nevada (Bioactive Plants, V. 1); Percy Train, et al; Hardcover (Hard to Find)

Mother earth's mercantile : plants of the Four Corners area and their uses through time; Elizabeth M. Wheeler; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

The Nature and status of ethnobotany; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Nature lore of the Maori; Gordon Ell; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Neglected crops : 1492 from a different perspective; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Nga Mahi Maori o te wao nui a Tane : contributions to an International Workshop on Ethnobotany, Te Rehua Marae, Christchurch, New Zealand, 22-26 February 1988; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Plants and the Blackfoot; A. Johnston; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Plants of the Gods Origins of Hallucinogenic Use 2P)Schultes,; Richard Schultes; Hardcover (Hard to Find)

Plants, man and the land in the Vilcanota Valley of Peru; Daniel W. Gade; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

The Prehistory of the Tehuacan Valley. Vol 3; Tehuacan Archaeological-Botanical Project.; Textbook Binding (Hard to Find)

Principles of Tzeltal plant classification; an introduction to the botanical ethnography of a Mayan-speaking people of highland Chiapas; Brent Berlin; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Ritual Enemas and Snuffs in the Americas; Peter Smet; Paperback (Hard to Find)

The Sacred Mushroom Seeker (Historical Ethno and Economic Botany Series Vol 4); Thomas J. Riedlinger (Editor); Paperback

Sacred narcotic plants of the new world Indians; an anthology of texts from the sixteenth century to date; Hedwig Schleiffer; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Santa Ysabel ethnobotany; Ken Hedges; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Seed to civilization; the story of man's food; Charles Bixler Heiser; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

Tanaina plantlore, Dena'ina k'et'una; Priscilla Russell Kari; Unknown Binding (Hard to Find)

A Treasury of American Indian Herbs : Their Lore and Their Use for Food, Drugs, and Medicine; Virginia Scully; Hardcover (Hard to Find)

Tule Technology : Northern Paiute Uses of Marsh Resources Nevada (Smithsonian Folklife Studies, 6); Catherine S. Fowler; Hardcover (Hard to Find)

In the margin is one of the best-known, most widely-used native herbs, Sanguinara canadensis or bloodroot. (Its Ojibwe name is miskwadjibik or "red root". ) It grows in rich, open woodlands east of the Mississippi. Its waxy, white blossoms are among the first spring flowers. Roots are dug in the fall, after leaves have withered. The The pounded, steeped root made a dark yellow dye. The root, dried and its barky covering stripped and pounded, was mixed with other plants and made a bright red dye, used for porcupine quills. Ojibwe women soaked a lump of maple sugar in the juice of the root, to ease for sore throats. Root juice was rubbed on the skin as an insect repellent, which also disguised the smell of hunters to deer. Bloodroot teas were used by Rappahannocks as a rheumatism remedy; other tribes of the Mississippi area used it to induce vomiting. The Iroquois treated ringworm with a strong surface wash made of it. Bloodroot contains many of the same alkaloids as the opium poppy. Eating a quanmtity of it is poisonous. Here you can see the chemical composition of bloodroot, and by fooling around with the other databases, learn about many tribal uses for it.

Text and graphics copyright © 1997 Paula Giese

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